IAS 12 — Scope
The IFRIC considered whether to give guidance on which taxes are within the scope of IAS 12.
Decision not to add
The IFRIC noted that IAS 12 applies to income taxes, which are defined as taxes that are based on taxable profit. That implies that (i) not all taxes are within the scope of IAS 12 but (ii) because taxable profit is not the same as accounting profit, taxes do not need to be based on a figure that is exactly accounting profit to be within the scope. The latter point is also implied by the requirement in IAS 12 to disclose an explanation of the relationship between tax expense and accounting profit.
The IFRIC further noted that the term ‘taxable profit’ implies a notion of a net rather than gross amount. Finally, the IFRIC observed that any taxes that are not in the scope of IAS 12 are in the scope of IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
However, the IFRIC also noted the variety of taxes that exist world-wide and the need for judgement in determining whether some taxes are income taxes. The IFRIC therefore believed that guidance beyond the observations noted above could not be developed in a reasonable period of time and decided not to take a project on this issue onto its agenda.
IFRIC reference: IAS 12-5