Taiwan has adopted a plan to adopt IFRSs in two phases. Phase I companies (listed companies and financial institutions supervised by the FSC, except for credit cooperatives, credit card companies, and insurance intermediaries) will be required to adopt Taiwan-IFRS starting 2013. Early adoption in 2012 is optional for companies that have already issued securities overseas, or have registered an overseas securities issuance with the FSC, or have a market capitalisation of greater than NT$10 billion. Phase II companies (unlisted public companies, credit cooperatives, and credit card companies) will be required to adopt Taiwan-IFRS starting 2015, with optional early adoption starting 2013. The FSC said that it was taking this action to make Taiwan's capital markets more attractive to foreign investors and and help Taiwanese companies raise capital overseas.