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IFRS 14 — Regulatory Deferral Accounts

Overview

IFRS 14 Regulatory Deferral Accounts permits an entity which is a first-time adopter of International Financial Reporting Standards to continue to account, with some limited changes, for 'regulatory deferral account balances' in accordance with its previous GAAP, both on initial adoption of IFRS and in subsequent financial statements. Regulatory deferral account balances, and movements in them, are presented separately in the statement of financial position and statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, and specific disclosures are required.

IFRS 14 was originally issued in January 2014 and applies to an entity's first annual IFRS financial statements for a period beginning on or after 1 January 2016.


History of IFRS 14

DateDevelopmentComments
December 2012 IASB reactivated the rate regulated activities project The IASB indicated it would consider an interim standard for entities adopting IFRS before completing a comprehensive project
25 April 2013 Exposure Draft ED/2013/5 Regulatory Deferral Accounts published Comment deadline 4 September 2013
30 January 2014 IFRS 14 Regulatory Deferral Accounts issued Effective for an entity's first annual IFRS financial statements for periods beginning on or after 1 January 2016

Related Interpretations

  • None

Amendments under consideration by the IASB

 

Summary of IFRS 14

Objective

The objective of IFRS 14 is to specify the financial reporting requirements for 'regulatory deferral account balances' that arise when an entity provides good or services to customers at a price or rate that is subject to rate regulation. [IFRS 14:1]

IFRS 14 is designed as a limited scope Standard to provide an interim, short-term solution for rate-regulated entities that have not yet adopted International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Its purpose is to allow rate-regulated entities adopting IFRS for the first-time to avoid changes in accounting policies in respect of regulatory deferral accounts until such time as the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) can complete its comprehensive project on rate regulated activities.

Scope

IFRS 14 is permitted, but not required, to be applied where an entity conducts rate-regulated activities and has recognised amounts in its previous GAAP financial statements that meet the definition of 'regulatory deferral account balances' (sometimes referred to 'regulatory assets' and 'regulatory liabilities'). [IFRS 14.5]

Entities which are eligible to apply IFRS 14 are not required to do so, and so can chose to apply only the requirements of IFRS 1 First-time Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards when first applying IFRSs. The election to adopt IFRS 14 is only available on the initial adoption of IFRSs, meaning an entity cannot apply IFRS 14 for the first time in financial statements subsequent to those prepared on the initial adoption of IFRSs.  However, an entity that elects to apply IFRS 14 in its first IFRS financial statements must continue to apply it in subsequent financial statements. [IFRS 14.6]

When applied, the requirements of IFRS 14 must be applied to all regulatory deferral account balances arising from an entity's rate-regulated activities. [IFRS 14.8]

Key definitions

[IFRS 14:Appendix A]

Rate regulation
A framework for establishing the prices that can be charged to customers for goods and services and that framework is subject to oversight and/or approval by a rate-regulator
Rate regulator
An authorised body that is empowered by statute or regulation to establish the rate or range of rates that bind an entity. The rate regulator may be a third-party body or a related party of the entity, including the entity's own governing board, if that body is required by statute or regulation to set rates both in the interest of customers and to ensure the overall financial viability of the entity
Regulatory deferral account balance
The balance of any expense (or income) account that would not be recognised as an asset or a liability in accordance with other Standards, but that qualifies for deferral because it is included, or is expected to be included, by the rate regulator in establishing the rate(s) that can be charged to customers

Accounting policies for regulatory deferral account balances

IFRS 14 provides an exemption from paragraph 11 of IAS 8 Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors when an entity determines its accounting policies for regulatory deferral account balances. [IFRS 14.9] Paragraph 11 of IAS 8 requires an entity to consider the requirements of IFRSs dealing with similar matters and the requirements of the Conceptual Framework when setting its accounting policies.

The effect of the exemption is that eligible entities can continue to apply the accounting policies used for regulatory deferral account balances under the basis of accounting used immediately before adopting IFRS ('previous GAAP') when applying IFRSs, subject to the presentation requirements of IFRS 14 [IFRS 14.11].

Entities are permitted to change their accounting policies for regulatory deferral account balances in accordance with IAS 8, but only if the change makes the financial statements more relevant and no less reliable, or more reliable and not less relevant, to the economic decision-making needs of users of the entity's financial statements. However, an entity is not permitted to change accounting policies to start to recognise regulatory deferral account balances. [IFRS 14.13]

Interaction with other Standards

The requirements of other IFRSs are required to be applied to regulatory deferral account balances, subject to specific exceptions, exemptions and additional requirements contained in IFRS 14 [IFRS 14.16]. These are briefly summarised below: [IFRS 14.B7-B28]

 

IAS 10 Events After the Reporting Period
The requirements of IAS 10 are applied when determining which events after the end of the reporting period should be taken into account in the recognition and measurement of regulatory deferral account balances
IAS 12 Income Taxes
Deferred tax assets and liabilities arising from regulatory deferral account balances are presented separately from total deferred tax amounts and movements in those deferred tax balances are presented separately from tax expense (income)
IAS 33 Earnings Per Share
Entities applying IFRS 14 are required to present an additional basic and diluted earnings per share that excludes the impacts of the net movement in regulatory deferral account balances
IAS 36 Impairment of Assets
Regulatory deferral account balances are included in the carrying amount of any relevant cash-generating unit (CGU) and are treated in the same way as other assets and liabilities where an impairment loss arises
IFRS 3 Business Combinations
The entity's accounting policies for regulatory deferral account balances are used in applying the acquisition method, which can result in the recognition of regulatory deferral account balances in respect of an acquiree, regardless of whether the acquiree itself recognised such balances
IFRS 5 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations
The measurement requirements of IFRS 5 do not apply to regulatory deferral account balances, and modifications are made to the presentation of information about discontinued operations and disposal groups in relation to such balances
IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements and IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures (2011)
The entity's accounting policies in respect of regulatory deferral account balances are required to be applied in an entity's consolidated financial statements or in the determination of equity accounted information of associates or joint ventures, notwithstanding that the entity's investees may not have recognised regulatory deferral account balances in their financial statements
IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities
Separate disclosure of regulatory deferral account balances and net movements in those balances recognised in profit or loss or other comprehensive income are required for various IFRS 12 disclosures

Presentation in financial statements

The impact of regulatory deferral account balances are separately presented in an entity's financial statements. This requirements applies regardless of the entity's previous presentation policies in respect of regulatory deferral balance accounts under its previous GAAP. Accordingly:

  • Separate line items are presented in the statement of financial position for the total of all regulatory deferral account debit balances, and all regulatory deferral account credit balances [IFRS 14.20]
  • Regulatory deferral account balances are not classified between current and non-current, but are separately disclosed using subtotals [IFRS 14.21]
  • The net movement in regulatory deferral account balances are separately presented in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income using subtotals [IFRS 14.22-23]

The Illustrative examples accompanying IFRS 14 set out an illustrative presentation of financial statements by an entity applying the Standard.

Disclosures

IFRS 14 sets out disclosure objectives to allow users to assess: [IFRS 14.27]

  • the nature of, and risks associated with, the rate regulation that establishes the price(s) the entity can charge customers for the goods or services it provides - including information about the entity's rate-regulated activities and the rate-setting process, the identity of the rate regulator(s), and the impacts of risks and uncertainties on the recovery or reversal of regulatory deferral balance accounts
  • the effects of rate regulation on the entity's financial statements - including the basis on which regulatory deferral account balances are recognised, how they are assessed for recovery, a reconciliation of the carrying amount at the beginning and end of the reporting period, discount rates applicable, income tax impacts and details of balances that are no longer considered recoverable or reversible.

Effective date

Where an entity elects to apply it, IFRS 14 is effective for an entity's first annual IFRS financial statements that are for a period beginning on or after 1 January 2016. The standard can be applied earlier, but the entity must disclose when it has done so. [IFRS 14.C1]

Correction list for hyphenation

These words serve as exceptions. Once entered, they are only hyphenated at the specified hyphenation points. Each word should be on a separate line.