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International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC)

IIRC (International Integrated Reporting Committee)

The information on this page is organised as follows:




The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) (previously the International Integrated Reporting Committee) was formed in August 2010 and aims to create a globally accepted framework for a process that results in communications by an organisation about value creation over time.

The IIRC brings together a cross section of representatives from corporate, investment, accounting, securities, regulatory, academic and standard-setting sectors as well as civil society. It comprises a Steering Committee, a Working Group and a three taskforces (dealing with content development, engagement and communications, and governance).

The IIRC is chaired by Professor Mervyn King, Chairman, King Committee on Corporate Governance and Former Chairman, Global Reporting Initiative. Membership includes Hans Hoogervorst (IASB Chairman), Leslie Seidman (FASB Chairperson), Maria Helena Santana, (Chairperson, IOSCO Executive Committee), Göran Tidström (IFAC President), Jim Quigley (former global Chief Executive Officer of Deloitte), and many others. Paul Druckman is Chief Executive Officer.

November 2011 restructure

In November 2011, the IIRC announced a number of changes to its organisational structure. Under the new arrangements, an initial transitional phase until the end of 2013 will see the IIRC supported by a strengthened secretariat operating through a not-for-profit company established for the purpose under the same name.

The company's board will comprise Mervyn King as Chairman, Leslie Ferrar (Treasurer, Household of the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall) and Christy Wood (Chairman of the Board of Governors, International Corporate Governance Network) as Deputy Chairs, together with Ian Ball (Chief Executive, International Federation of Accountants), Ernst Ligteringen (Chief Executive, Global Reporting Initiative), Jessica Fries (Director, The Prince's Accounting for Sustainability Project) and the IIRC's Chief Executive, Paul Druckman.

A Governance Committee has also been established, with responsibilities relating to audit, nominations and executive remuneration for the company.


At the time of its formation, the IIRC's stated objective was to develop an internationally accepted integrated reporting framework by 2014 to create the foundations for a new reporting model to enable organisations to provide concise communications of how they create value over time. After a consultation process, the IIRC published the first version of its 'International Integrated Reporting <IR> Framework' (<IR> Framework) in December 2013.


Overview of the <IR> Framework

The 'integrated reporting' concept

Integrated reporting (stylised by the IIRC as '<IR>') is seen by the IIRC as the basis for a fundamental change in the way in which organisations are managed and report to stakeholders. A stated aim of <IR> is to support integrated thinking and decision-making. Integrated thinking is described in the <IR> Framework as "the active consideration by an organization of the relationships between its various operating and functional units and the capitals that the organization uses or affects".

The <IR> Framework expresses the IIRC's vision in the following way:

The IIRC's long term vision is a world in which integrated thinking is embedded within mainstream business practice in the public and private sectors, facilitated by Integrated Reporting (<IR>) as the corporate reporting norm. The cycle of integrated thinking and reporting, resulting in efficient and productive capital allocation, will act as a force for financial stability and sustainability.

Objectives and fundamental concepts of integrated reporting

The objectives for integrated reporting include:

  • To improve the quality of information available to providers of financial capital to enable a more efficient and productive allocation of capital
  • Provide a more cohesive and efficient approach to corporate reporting that draws on different reporting strands and communicates the full range of factors that materially affect the ability of an organisation to create value over time
  • Enhance accountability and stewardship for the broad base of capitals (financial, manufactured, intellectual, human, social and relationship, and natural) and promote understanding of their interdependencies
  • Support integrated thinking, decision-making and actions that focus on the creation of value over the short, medium and long term.

There are three fundamental concepts underpinning <IR>:

  1. Value creation for the organisation and for others. An organisation’s activities, its interactions and relationships, its outputs and the outcomes for the various capitals it uses and affects influence its ability to continue to draw on these capitals in a continuous cycle.
  2. The capitals. The capitals are the resources and the relationships used and affected by the organisation, which are identified in the <IR> Framework as financial, manufactured, intellectual, human, social and relationship, and natural capital. However, these categories of capital are not required to be adopted in preparing an entity’s integrated report , and an integrated report may not cover all capitals – the focus is on capitals that are relevant to the entity
  3. The value creation process. At the core of the value creation process is an entity’s business model, which draws on various capitals and inputs, and by using the entity’s business activities, creates outputs (products, services, by-products, waste) and outcomes (internal and external consequences for the capitals).

Purpose and content of an integrated report

The <IR> Framework sets out the purpose of an integrated report as follows:

The primary purpose of an integrated report is to explain to providers of financial capital how an organization creates value over time. An integrated report benefits all stakeholders interested in an organization’s ability to create value over time, including employees, customers, suppliers, business partners, local communities, legislators, regulators, and policy-makers.

The ‘building blocks’ of an integrated report are:

  • Guiding principles – these underpin the preparation of an integrated report, informing the content of the report and how information is presented
  • Content elements – the key categories of information required to be included in an integrated report under the Framework, presented as a series of questions rather than a prescriptive list of disclosures.

The table below summarises each of these building blocks, together with the other key requirements for an integrated report:


High-level summary of the requirements for an integrated report


  • An integrated report should be a designated, identifiable communication
  • A communication claiming to be an integrated report and referencing the Framework should apply all the key requirements (identified using bold italic type), unless the unavailability of reliable data, specific legal prohibitions or competitive harm results in an inability to disclose information that is material (in the case of unavailability of reliable data or specific legal prohibitions, other information is provided)
  • The integrated report should include a statement from those charged with governance that meets particular requirements (e.g., acknowledgement of responsibility, opinion on whether the integrated report is presented in accordance with the Framework) – and if one is not included, disclosures about their role and steps taken to include a statement in future reports (a statement should be included no later than an entity’s third integrated report referencing the Framework)


  • Strategic focus and future orientation – insight into the organisation's strategy
  • Connectivity of information – showing a holistic picture of the combination, inter-relatedness and dependencies between the factors that affect the organisation's ability to create value over time
  • Stakeholder relationships – insight into the nature and quality of the organisation's relationships with its key stakeholders
  • Materiality – disclosing information about matters that substantively affect the organisation's ability to create value over the short, medium and long term
  • Conciseness – sufficient context to understand the organisation's strategy, governance and prospects without being burdened by less relevant information
  • Reliability and completeness – including all material matters, both positive and negative, in a balanced way and without material error
  • Consistency and comparability – ensuring consistency over time and enabling comparisons with other organisations to the extent material to the organisation's own ability to create value.


  • Organisational overview and external environment – What does the organisation do and what are the circumstances under which it operates?
  • Governance – How does an organisation’s governance structure support its ability to create value in the short, medium and long term?
  • Business model – What is the organisation’s business model?
  • Risks and opportunities – What are the specific risk and opportunities that affect the organisation’s ability to create value over the short, medium and long term, and how is the organisation dealing with them?
  • Strategy and resource allocation – Where does the organisation want to go and how does it intend to get there?
  • Performance – To what extent has the organisation achieved its strategic objectives for the period and what are its outcomes in terms of effects on the capitals?
  • Outlook – What challenges and uncertainties is the organisation likely to encounter in pursuing its strategy, and what are the potential implications for its business model and future performance?
  • Basis of preparation and presentation - How does the organisation determine what matters to include in the integrated report and how are such matters quantified or evaluated?


History of the development of the <IR> Framework

A history of developments in the publication of the <IR> Framework is summarised below:


12 September 2011 Discussion Paper Towards Integrated Reporting – Communicating Value in the 21st Century published Comment deadline 14 December 2011
October 2011 Initial organisations participating in the IIRC Pilot Programme announced The Pilot Programme is a two-year programme for a group of companies who will work as a network of peer group organisations, exchanging knowledge and sharing experiences on integrated reporting.
July 2012 Draft Outline of the Integrated Reporting Framework Not part of the formal consultation process, but the IIRC welcomed feedback
November 2012 Prototype of the International Integrated Reporting (<IR>) Framework Not part of the formal consultation process, but the IIRC welcomed feedback
16 April 2013 Consultation Draft of the International <IR> Framework published Comment deadline 15 July 2013
9 December 2013 International <IR> Framework published Available on IIRC website


Related news

  • IIRC and GISR agree to cooperate on corporate reporting and ratings frameworks

  • Apr 01, 2014

  • The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) and the Global Initiative for Sustainability Ratings (GISR) have publicly announced they have entered into a 'Memorandum of Understanding' (MoU) that seeks to drive greater coordination of reporting and ratings standards and frameworks globally.

  • ACCA report calls for governance to focus on sustainability and new measures of performance

  • Mar 25, 2014

  • The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) has released a consultation paper on corporate governance that seeks to explore the nature of existing corporate governance and risk management frameworks, and whether they are 'fit for purpose'. The paper recommends that the sustainable value creation should be the overarching purpose of governance, and that companies and investors should develop and report using more suitable measures of performance and value creation.

  • South Africa endorses International <IR> Framework

  • Mar 19, 2014

  • The Integrated Reporting Committee (IRC) of South Africa has endorsed the International Integrated Reporting (<IR>) Framework, issued by International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC), as guidance on good practice on how to prepare an integrated report.

  • ACCA, IAAER and IIRC invite proposals for research into integrated reporting

  • Feb 01, 2014

  • ACCA (the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants), IAAER (International Association for Accounting Education and Research), and the IIRC (International Integrated Reporting Council) invite researchers to submit proposals addressing three areas of Integrated Reporting (<IR>) that need to be developed further.

  • IIRC and SASB sign cooperation agreement

  • Jan 17, 2014

  • The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) and the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) have announced that they have entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) which seeks to formalise the principles for ongoing cooperation, coordination and alignment between the two organisations.

  • IMA suggests actions to reap the benefits of integrated reporting

  • Dec 13, 2013

  • In a reaction to the release of the International Integrated Reporting <IR> Framework last Monday, the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA) has outlined several actions to transform corporate reporting to better serve the public interest. IMA opines that the goals behind integrated reporting must be defined and that producing an integrated report should not be a goal in itself.

  • IIRC finalises its Framework for integrated reporting

  • Dec 09, 2013

  • The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) has released its ‘International Integrated Reporting <IR> Framework’ (<IR> Framework). The <IR> Framework seeks to explain the fundamental concepts, principles and content requirements underlying an 'integrated report', which is considered the next step in the evolution of corporate reporting.

  • Sustainability and integrated reporting update

  • Nov 27, 2013

  • A brief overview of recent topics related to sustainability reporting and integrated reporting, focused on a 'FAQ' on sustainability reporting, International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) developments, and a recent United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) conference.

  • New IFAC Policy Position Paper on enhancing organisational reporting

  • Oct 13, 2013

  • The International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) issued Policy Position Paper 8, 'Enhancing Organizational Reporting', emphasising the importance and usefulness of reporting broad-based information beyond that which is provided in traditional financial reporting. IFAC also calls for convergence in this context.

  • XBRL International responds to the IIRC Consultation Draft on integrated reporting

  • Jul 26, 2013

  • The XBRL International Best Practices Board (BPB) has submitted a letter on comment on the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) Consultation Draft of its proposed 'International Integrated Reporting Framework' showing how XBRL can help make the multi-faceted information flow more accessible but also stressing that XBRL aspects should be considered early in the process to make full use of the available functionalities.

  • IIRC enters into further alliances

  • Jul 19, 2013

  • The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC), CDP (previously the 'Carbon Disclosure Project') and the Climate Disclosure Standards Board (CDSB) have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to improve their collaboration and promote the global harmonisation and clarity of corporate reporting requirements around natural capital. This MoU follows an earlier MoU between the IIRC and the World Intellectual Capital Initiative (WICI) over intellectual capital.

  • Deloitte view on the IIRC's integrated reporting proposals

  • Jul 19, 2013

  • We have published our comment letter on the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) Consultation Draft of its proposed 'International Integrated Reporting Framework'. We support the IIRC in its efforts to develop the framework, seeing its development as timely as annual reports are getting longer and "the story of an organisation’s value proposition can often be lost in all that information".

  • CPA Canada raises concerns about IIRC's integrated reporting proposals

  • Jul 19, 2013

  • Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada (CPA Canada) has publicly released its comment letter on the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) Consultation Draft of the International Integrated Reporting Framework. Whilst CPA Canada agrees with the concept of an integrated report, concerns are raised in the letter about various matters, including organisational preparedness to generate integrated reports, a perceived lack of demand for integrated reports by providers of financial capital, and the IIRC's proposed timing for finalisation of its proposals.

  • GRI releases research reports

  • May 28, 2013

  • The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) has release a number of research reports on sustainability and integrated reporting topics: sustainability topics for various sectors, the experience from early adopters of 'integrated reporting', and assurance on sustainability reports.

  • Webinar on the benefits and challenges of integrated reporting

  • May 13, 2013

  • In its series of webinars on a variety of topics provided free of charge for members and non-members, the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA) is offering a webinar on the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC)'s consultation draft of an International Integrated Reporting Framework.

  • IIRC publishes 'Consultation Draft' on integrated reporting

  • Apr 15, 2013

  • The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) has released the Consultation Draft of its proposed International Integrated Reporting (<IR>) Framework. The draft Framework seeks to create the foundations for a new reporting model to enable organisations to provide concise communications of how they create value over time.

  • IIRC publishes further background paper on the business model

  • Mar 27, 2013

  • The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) has published on its website a further 'background document' in the lead up to the expected issue of its consultation document on integrated reporting (stylised as <IR>) in mid-April. The latest background paper discusses the 'business model' concept, and follows earlier papers on the concepts of 'capitals' and 'materiality'.

  • FEE comments on the IIRC 'prototype' framework

  • Mar 15, 2013

  • The Federation of European Accountants (Fédération des Expert comptables Européens, FEE) has sent a letter to the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) providing high level feedback on the finalised 'prototype' of the IIRC's integrated reporting framework. Among other points, FEE also comments on the question of assurance in connection with integrated reporting.

  • The Bruce Column — Effective disclosure: More or less

  • Mar 06, 2013

  • Everyone agrees that something should be done about the levels of disclosure in financial reporting. It is just, as our resident columnist Robert Bruce reports, that no one agrees on what that something might be.

  • IIRC and GRI agree to cooperate

  • Mar 04, 2013

  • The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) have announced that they have entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) which seeks to formalise the principles for ongoing cooperation, coordination and alignment between the two organisations.