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IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures; IFRS 9 Financial Instruments — Measurement of interests in associates and joint ventures that, in substance, form part of the net investment — Agenda paper 4

Date recorded:

Recap

In September and November 2015, and in May 2016 the Interpretations Committee discussed an issue relating to the interaction between IFRS 9 and IAS 28., The issue centres on the circumstances when an entity has a long-term interest in a joint venture or an associate that, in substance, is part of the ‘net investment’ in the joint venture or associate, but to which the equity method is not applied. IAS 28 states it is this net investment that is assessed for impairment, applying IAS 36 Impairment of Assets. IFRS 9 states that it does not apply to interests in associates and joint ventures that are accounted for using the equity method. Does the entity apply IFRS 9 or IAS 28, and IAS 36, or a combination of both?

The Interpretations Committee concluded that the scope exemption in IFRS 9 regarding interests in associates and joint ventures is not clear. The Committee considered that an amendment to IFRS 9 and IAS 28 is required to clarify the issue. The amendments will be issued as a draft interpretation and accordingly, do not propose to change existing requirements. The draft Interpretations will clarify that:

  1. an entity accounts for long-term interests applying IFRS 9, including the impairment requirements in IFRS 9;
  2. in allocating any losses of the investment applying the requirements in paragraph 38 of IAS 28, the entity includes the carrying amount of those long-term interests (determined applying IFRS 9) as part of the net investment to which the losses are allocated;
  3. the entity then assesses the impairment the net investment by applying the requirements of paragraphs 40 and 41A-43 of IAS 28; and
  4. if an entity allocates losses or recognises an impairment from applying steps (b) or (c), it ignores those losses or that impairment when it accounts for long-term interest applying IFRS 9 in subsequent periods.

The purpose of this session is to discuss the staff analysis and recommendation on presentation and disclosure requirements; the inclusion of an illustrative example; the transition requirements; and the effective date. The staff will also seek permission to ballot the draft Interpretation (subject to the discussion not raising significant concerns).

Staff analysis and recommendations

Presentation and disclosure

The staff note that the draft interpretation will address the accounting for long-term interests in general and will clarify that long-term interests are part of a net investment that is subject to the impairment requirements in IAS 28. The staff note that IAS 1 requires an entity to present a separate line item in the statement of financial position related to investments accounted for using the equity method. The staff believes that long-term interests are not part of this category and accordingly long-term interests should be presented separately. The staff recommends that the amendments should clarify that an entity allocates impairment losses recognised on the net investment between the investment accounted for using the equity method and long-term interests. The staff also noted that there are existing Standards that already include disclosure requirements for investments that include long-term interests such as paragraph 20 of IFRS 12; paragraphs 8f), 35h), 8a) and 21 of IFRS 7; and paragraph 18 of IAS 24. Consequently, they do not recommend proposing further disclosure requirements for long-term investments.

Illustrative example

The staff indicates that the illustrative example discussed in May 2016 has been revised (see Appendix A of this agenda paper).

Transition requirements

The staff believes that requiring retrospective application would be feasible because entities already have the information to implement the proposal. Nevertheless, the staff considers that providing transition relief would be also necessary because some entities will not have applied all or some of the requirements of IFRS 9 (or IAS 39) to long-term interests before applying the Interpretation.

The staff recommends that the draft Interpretation should require retrospective application but not require restatement of comparative information, unless an entity chooses to restate comparative information on initial application of IFRS 9. The staff also recommends the same transition requirements for entities that issue insurance contracts (the recently issued draft ED Applying IFRS 9 with IFRS 4 proposed to introduce an optional temporary exemption from applying IFRS 9 for entities whose predominant activity is within the scope of IFRS 4). The staff also recommends providing first-time adopters transition relief from presenting comparative information, unless the first-time adopter chooses to restate the comparative information relating to IFRS 9 on initial adoption of the Standard. This is because IFRS 1 provides relief for first-time adopters from presenting comparative information that complies with IFRS 9.

Effective date

The staff considers that it is important that the Interpretation has the same effective date as IFRS 9, which is 1 January 2018. The staff considers that entities will have sufficient information to comply with the Interpretation because IFRS 9 requires on initial application the re-measurement of long-term interests. Also, the staff considers that the Interpretation will not interfere with the initial application of IFRS 9 and IAS 28 paragraph 39 already requires entities to keep track of the amount of losses when applying the equity method. The staff does not propose to include the option for earlier application given that there will be a short period between the issuance of the Interpretation and its effective date.

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